Can you adopt a baby from Africa?

In this blog post, we will answer the question “Can you adopt a baby from Africa?”. Throughout the blog, we will answer different questions you might have about the process of adopting a baby from Africa, the impact of the Hague Convention on the laws relating to adoption, the countries in Africa you cannot adopt from, the procedure to be followed for adoption and the cost of adoption. We wish to answer all the possible queries you might have when adopting from Africa. 

Can you adopt a baby from Africa?

Yes, you can adopt a child from Africa. Here, in this blog post, we will tell you how. 

Did you know that the African continent is made up of 54 United Nations-recognized countries, excluding dependent territories and particular sovereign territories? They have their own laws governing the adoption process, and some countries, such as 

Ethiopia, have recently banned adoption entirely. Giving country-specific information would be too broad for this article, so I’ll just go over what you can expect if you decide to adopt a child from Africa.

Influence of the Hague Convention

You’ve probably heard of the Hague Convention if you’ve started considering international adoption. It was held in 1980 and countries from all over the world attended. 

The agreement, signed by 100 countries, was intended to protect international adoption and ensure that the best interests of the child are prioritized, which meant that efforts must be made to leave the child with a family at home. 

The agreement also theoretically streamlined and standardized the recruitment process, but it made the process guidelines so rigid that some countries could not comply for economic, political, or other reasons.

Tariff transparency is another effect of the treaty. This means your family will not be caught off guard or behind on payments.

Although many countries have signed the treaty, the absence of a signature does not preclude that country from adopting it. As a result, policies and processes may differ slightly. 

Adopting a child from Africa from a country that disagrees with the Hague countries becomes viable and fulfilling even after the process is completed by working with an experienced international adoption agency.

The International Adoption Procedure

Once you’ve decided to pursue international adoption, you’ll need to find an agency that is both IAAME and The Hague-accredited to assist you with the process. 

The IAAME is in charge of evaluating adoption agencies that want to be accredited to help people with international adoptions. The Hague Accreditation is a 100-country agreement that provides guidelines on how to best protect orphans through specific adoption processes that are considered ethical. 

Even if the country from which you are adopting is not a signatory to the Hague Convention, you must work with a Hague-accredited institution.

Once you’ve decided to pursue international adoption, you’ll need to find an agency that is both IAAME and The Hague-accredited to assist you with the process. 

The IAAME is in charge of evaluating adoption agencies that want to be accredited to help people with international adoptions. The Hague Accreditation is a 100-country agreement that provides guidelines on how to best protect orphans through specific adoption processes that are considered ethical. 

Even if the country from which you are adopting is not a signatory to the Hague Convention, you must work with a Hague-accredited institution.

The well-being of the child comes first. You may need to work with two different agencies for international adoptions: a child placement agency and a child placement agency. 

Different countries have different rules regarding who can home study, so discuss this with your institution and do your research on the subject.

Following your homeschooling experience, you may be asked to obtain pre-approval from the country of adoption. She fills out the I-600A form for countries not recognized by The Hague and the I-800A form for countries recognized by Howge.

Reports generated from the home study will be sent to the US and the country in which you wish to adopt, along with a pre-approval form certifying that both countries’ requirements have been met.

Matching is the next step in adopting an African child. This can be arranged through your child care agency, the national adoption board, or during your visit to the country. 

Some countries require multiple visits to their country, and some may even require that the child be cared for in their home country for an extended period of time before entering the United States.

The entire process can be lengthy, but your child’s health, safety, and well-being are at the heart of everything. When everything is in order, you can sit back and concentrate on starting a new family.

Countries that have prohibited adoption and why

There are 54 African countries that allow adoption, but not all of them. International adoptions have decreased by approximately 72% since 2005, putting the fate of millions of orphans in jeopardy. 

Ethiopia banned all international adoptions in 2018, citing fraud and abuse of the adoption system. Hana Williams, a 13-year-old Ethiopian girl, was discovered unconscious outside her home in Washington, in one of the most well-known tragedies in the Ethiopian adoption story in the United States. 

Her death was attributed to hypothermia, but reports indicate that she had been subjected to prolonged periods of starvation and physical abuse.

Ethiopia is a major international exporter to the United States and has approximately 4.3 million orphans.

Nonetheless, many African countries, including Uganda, the Republic of the Congo, and Ghana, welcome US citizens for adoption.

What to Think About When Adopting from Africa

We’re not sure how many US citizens adopting from Africa are interracial or biracial, but based on my own adoption support group observations, it appears that the majority are. 

Intercultural adoption occurs when a parent or parents adopt a child from a different culture who may or may not be of the same race as the adoptive parent. 

It’s as if first-generation immigrants to the United States were raised in their home country’s culture. 

We believe that children born outside the United States are influenced by their birth country, and the extent to which this is true depends on the age at which they immigrate to the United States.

If you are adopted, regardless of your child’s age, you should be aware of your child’s past and be aware that they may want to know more.

The best way to accomplish this is to visit your birth country, connect with Native Americans living in the United States, and be open to how your child wants to navigate both cultures so that they become acquainted with that country. 

Asking children to deny their inheritance is neither right nor fair.

Adopting an African child entails not only adopting across cultures but also adopting across races. There is a distinction between the two, and understanding it is critical. Interracial adoption occurs when the child being adopted and the parents are of different races.

Domestic adoption is a cross-racial rather than a cross-cultural adoption. Racial tensions are rising in the United States, particularly among people of colour, particularly black people. 

If you are not black, you should be aware of the issue and willing to assist your child in dealing with the challenges that come with being born and raised black in the United States.

According to interracial adoption stories, adoptive parents frequently believe that black adoptees are recognized as such in the world. I mean, I’m not black because I was raised in a non-black family. 

Unfortunately, even if you are present, your African child will be perceived as African or African American when they enter the world. 

These impressions have real and disrespectful consequences. You shouldn’t do it. This is an excellent article that describes the experience of someone who has experienced what I am describing.

Listen to your child express their concerns and encourage them to consider interracial adoption. please. This child will learn from you and love you, but he or she will also assist you in seeing the world through the eyes of others.

Children Who Are Adoptable Internationally

Over 200 children are currently listed in the Ghana Orphan Database as being available for adoption by international families. A child may be adopted by a US couple if one or more of the following documents are presented:

Evidence of abandonment, including renunciation of custody of the child by the birth parents, death certificates of one or more parents, documentation of unsuccessful attempts to locate the parents over time, and evidence of a lack of suitable local adoptive families.

  • Death certificates for birth parents (s)
  • Parental rights are relinquished in front of a judge.
  • Expended search efforts to locate biological parents
  • According to Ghanaian law, the in-country fostering period is one month.

Adoption Procedures and Timelines in Ghana, Africa

As our first Ghanaian clients complete their adoptions, we are learning more about working with the Ghanaian government. 

We’ll be in touch with more information about the requirements you’ll need to meet, as well as an estimated timeline for bringing your child home.

Process and Timeline

  1. Various adoption agencies assist or guide families through the application process, document collection, adoptive education, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration (USCIS), and provides ongoing support and communication throughout the adoption process.
  2. Your local service agency’s social worker will assist your family through the home study process, including preparing and educating your family on adoption issues such as cross-cultural adoption, grief and loss, attachment and adjustment issues, adoption as a lifelong developmental process, and the risks associated with inter-country adoption.
  3. These adoption agencies will also help you prepare the dossier documents, register your family with the Department of Social Welfare (DSW), communicate with the DSW and the orphanage where the child is staying, and provide your dossier to the DSW and the in-country adoption attorney.
  4. The Central Adoption Authority (CAA) will identify children who are available for adoption, arrange for their adoption, obtain the necessary consent and termination of parent documents, secure background medical and social studies on children, and provide all medical and social information available for the children.
  5. The NHFC-Ghana in-country team (attorney, social worker, and DSW social workers) collaborate and, when applicable, with the prospective birth family to match the child with the appropriate adoptive family.
  6. Adoption agencies will also assist or guide your family through the referral process, submit acceptance paperwork to the DSW and the in-country attorney, file paperwork with the ICPC office (if applicable), and provide travel information and preparation.
  7. CAA and NHFC-in-country Ghana’s team supervise all Ghanaian legal requirements for the custody process, including obtaining a birth certificate and a valid passport for the child.
  8. Adoption agencies will assist your family with travel throughout Ghana, accommodations, drivers, obtaining the immigrant visa medical examination, filling out the 1-800 form, and processing the child’s visa through the United States Embassy in Accra, Ghana.

Post-adoption requirements in Ghana:

Every foreign family that adopts a child in Ghana is required to submit five employment reports to the Ghanaian government during the child’s first three years of life.

Failure to do so violates Ghana’s International Adoption Agreement. Our accreditation may be revoked, and any of the governments may conduct an investigation into your family.

The first job placement must be made no later than 6 months after the court’s decision. The second report must be submitted within 11 months and no later than 12 months.

The third report must be submitted between the ages of 23 and 24 months. Within 35 months, but no later than 36 months, a fourth post-adoption report must be filed. A post-adoption final report must be submitted no later than 48 months after the adoption.

Who is allowed to adopt?

Ghana has the following adoption eligibility requirements in addition to the USCIS requirements for prospective adoptive parents: If you believe you are ineligible to adopt from Ghana, please contact us for a free case-by-case adoption consultation.

  • Citizenship: Adoptive parents must be citizens of the United States.
  • Age requirement: Adoptive parents must be at least 25 years old. The adoptive parent must be at least 21 years old. If one parent meets the requirements, parents over the age of 50 will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
  • Adoption is available to married couples as well as single women. There are no pre-divorce requirements. • Previous Children: Preference is given to small families with fewer than five children.
  • Income: There is no minimum income requirement. Children, on the other hand, must meet USCIS income requirements in order to immigrate.
  • Convictions: Adoption applicants with a criminal record of child abuse, violence, or domestic violence are ineligible.
  • Medical Background: Applicants who do not have a history or current diagnosis of a life-threatening or communicable disease, or any other condition that interferes with their ability to parent and/or a child’s quality of life, are eligible to adopt from South Africa.

How much does adopting from South Africa cost?

Adoption from South Africa is estimated to cost $25,260. The cost does not include airfare, lodging, or other travel-related expenses.

Remember that the estimated cost of adopting from South Africa after tax credits is $15,515! Schedule an appointment with our Financial Expert to learn more about adoption tax credits, grants, and how to fund your adoption.